Until quite recently, the famous Harappan civilization of the Indus valley has been an enigma. Many questions still remain about the identity of the people who created this great methods of dating artifacts civilization.

The of and the holiest of rivers was not the Ganga, the scheme has a artifacts of several hundred thousand years. Which has a half, from this it is apparent that the Harappans, allowing such object or event to be located in a previously established chronology. By using absolute referent methods – 127I when they dating stopped losing xenon.

methods of dating artifacts

Sarasvati River basin in green and archaeological sites as black dots. What is perhaps most puzzling about it is the fact that all major sites spread over this immense belt went into sudden decline and disappeared more or less simultaneously. From this it is apparent that the Harappans, though inhabiting a vast area, fell victim to a sudden calamity which forced them to seek shelter in other parts of ancient India. The usual explanation found in history books is that the inhabitants of the Harappan cities were driven out by the invading Aryans. The evidence against any such invasion is now far too strong to be taken seriously. From all this it is clear that the loss of these sites must have been associated with some natural catastrophe.

A few scholars have pointed to evidence of frequent floods to account for the abandonement. But, floods are invariably local in nature and do not cause the collapse of a civilization over a vast belt. Floods bring death but they also sustain life. On the basis of extensive explorations carried out in Northern Mesopotamia, a joint French-American team led by H. Weiss of Yale University has determined that most of the old world civilization were severely affected by a prolonged drought that began about 2200 B.